Traumatic Brain Injury: What Teachers Should Know
A traumatic Brain Injury (TBI) is caused by a bump, blow or jolt to the head, or a penetrating head injury that disrupts the normal funciton of the brain. 1.7 million TBIs occur each year.
A TBI can result from:
- Car wrecks
- Sports injuries
- Collisions with objects or other people
- Being shaken
- Any trauma to the head
Common Symptoms of TBI
|Feeling Dazed or in a fog||Irritability||Dizziness|
|Disorientation||Quick to anger||Weakness|
|Confusion||Decreased motivation||Changes in balance|
|Slowed information processing||Depression||Changes in vision|
|Difficulty learning new information||Social withdrawal||Changes in hearing|
|Difficulty with memory||Does not get the “gist” of social interactions||Sleep disturbance|
|Difficulty juggling multiple tasks||May comment on or react to things that seem random to others||Fatigue|
|Communicating in “socially unacceptable” ways|
|Difficulty with concentration and attention|
Identification of Students with TBI
- Many students with brain injury are not appropriately identified for accommodations.
- Challenges that result from a TBI are also common in students with other disabilities.
- TBI is an eligibility category under the Individuals with Disabiliteis act (IDEA). Some students with TBI need a 504 plan or special education services in order to succeed in school.
Key Questions to Ask When Identifyting Students with TBI
- Have a history of performing at a higher level?
- Have difficulties that began after an event likely to cause a TBI?
- Lose previously learned skills?
- Become unaware of loss of skills and abilities?
- Exhibits personality changes?
- Lose social skills or abilities?
Questions? Contact Melissa McCart, TBI Teams Project Coordinator