Increasing Positive Behaviors in Students Following TBI: What Works?
The key in dealing with students who have problem behaviors is understanding that the observable problem behavior is usually a sign that something else in the student’s life is not right. For example, the problem behavior may stem from noise sensitivity, difficulty learning, physical pain etc. Since each student is unique it is important to truly understand the problem and to create accommodations that support the student’s unique needs. Below are some suggestions.
- Practice social skills and behaviors in the places where the student needs to use the skills. Some children with TBI do not transfer skills well from one environment to the next.
- Increase the competence level of the people in the student’s life who are working to support him or her.
- Help the student monitor stress in a variety of situations and coach the student through potentially stressful or difficult situations to teach the needed skills.
- Give the student the opportunity to gain the perspective of others in situations that are difficult.
- Provide coaching (using people the student respects and is willing to learn from) to give the student prompts in advance of the situation requiring a particular skill.
- Recognize what the student is trying to communicate with the behavior and take action to remedy the problem for them.
- Use the student’s perspective to select specific behaviors to teach and purposefully teach the needed skills.
- Help the student to set personal and attainable goals and make efforts to support the student in their goals!
In The Classroom: Managing Severe Behavior in the Midst of Crisis
An interactive learning experience. Strategies to address severe behavior in a crisis situation are presented: