Underidentification of Students with TBI for Special Education
Under-identification of students with TBI in special education has been a chronic problem since TBI was added to list of the available eligibilities. As of the 2009 special education census, fewer than 300 students were identified in Oregon with TBI as a primary eligibility, making it one of the least identified special education categories. The lack of identification should not be confused with a lack of incidence or need. It is estimated that 750-1000 students are hospitalized for brain injury each year in Oregon. If only 16% of those students need special education services, the number of students who need support in the form of either a 504 Plan or an IEP should be much higher, considering all the years a student is in school after a TBI along with annual incidence.
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