Executive Function Strategies for Cognitive Flexibility
Cognitive flexibility helps students
- Interpret information in multiple ways,
- Change approaches,
- Select a new strategy if the first one is not working.
- Use perspective-taking to increase reading comprehension.
- Self-monitoring and checking can help students learn self-regulation.
- Students need to know
- What types of errors to look for,
- How to check for these errors,
- Exactly how to correct the errors.
- To help learn these skills, executive functioning processes should be taught from pre-K through 3rd grade.
- Example strategies:
- COPS - check work for Capitalization, Organization, Punctuation, and Sentence structure.
- SQ3R - Survey, Question, Read, Recite, Review is a strategy for studying from a text book.
- Give students opportunities to
- Initiate their own learning,
- Lead the planning process before starting a task,
- Engage in a group.
- The teacher should model executive functioning skills as a co-learner alongside the student.
Meltzer, L., Sales Pollica, L., Barzillai, M., (2007).Executive Function in the Classroom in Executive Function inEducation: From Theory to Practice, Lynn Meltzer Ed. New York: Guilford Press.