Hallmarks of Difficulty with Executive Functions
Executive functions consist of those capacities that enable a student to successfully engage in independent, purposive, self-motivated behavior.
Questions regarding how or whether a student goes about doing something will help explain this set of skills. These can differ drastically from overall cognitive functioning.
- Lowered self control.
- Emotional ups and downs.
- Flat affect.
- Heightened tendency to get irritable or excited.
- Erratic behavior.
- Difficulty making shifts in attention and behavior.
- Personal grooming and cleanliness deterioration.
- Impaired capacity to initiate activity.
- Decreased or absent motivation.
- Difficulty with planning and carrying out sequences that constitute goal-directed behavior.
Deficits in these skills are often mistaken for malingering, being lazy, spoiled, or psychiatrically disturbed.